NGOs from eleven countries in Northern Europe have evaluated national policies used to cut greenhouse gases. Result: some 150 measures. If all repeated some of the lessons learned by their neighbours, emissions would come down fast.
The monetised health benefits alone of less air pollution are up to 42 times greater than the emission abatement costs. In addition there will be substantial benefits to ecosystems, forests, agricultural crops and materials.
The technology to drastically cut ship NOx emissions is widely available, performs well, and may even slightly reduce ship fuel consumption. The costs of installation and operation are modest and expected to fall over time.
In Europe, diesel cars have been promoted based on the assumption that they emit less greenhouse gases (GHG) than petrol-fuelled cars and many EU member states have reduced taxes on diesel fuel and diesel car sales.
Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated US$3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health, and these costs will rise unless government action is taken to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.
The European Commission has noted with concern that Hungary has recorded PM10 concentrations above the legal limit every year since 2005 in areas around the cities of Miskolc, Nyíregyháza and Szeged ..
Norway’s Environment Agency published on 28 February a recommendation to tighten the country’s limits on particulate matter (PM) concentrations in the air. Norway’s existing air quality standards are similar to the EU’s ..