Public Health England (PHE) has published estimates of mortality burden based on modelled annual average concentrations of anthropogenic fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in each local authority area.
It was found that the burden of air-pollution-related mortality varies between regions. In rural areas of Scotland and Northern Ireland the figure is put at 2.5 per cent, but in some London boroughs it exceeds 8 per cent. Overall, elevated levels of PM2.5 are estimated to cause 29,000 deaths per year in the UK, with 3389 deaths in London, 520 in Birmingham, 306 in Glasgow and 1320 in Wales.
Source: GOV.UK press release 10 April 2014.