Christer Ågren

Air and the Environment

This book is about a few hundredths of a percent of the air we breathe – for that is the total extent of what we call air pollution. Even so, the effects on people and nature are very tangible: the climate is changing, rare species of animals and plants are under threat, lakes are becoming acidified, buildings are eroding, and so on.
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Warming is happening now

There is wide agreement among climate researchers – and now also among policy makers – that man-made emissions of greenhouse gases are affecting the Earth's radiation balance. It will get warmer and more and more knowledge is being acquired on how big the effect will be and where it will be greatest.
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Factsheet

The CAFE programme and the thematic strategy on air pollution

Current levels of air pollution cause severe health impacts in the European Union, resulting in some 370,000 premature deaths each year, increased hospital admissions, extra medication, and millions of lost working days.
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Briefing

Cost-benefit analysis of using 0.5% marine heavy fuel oil in European sea areas

A lowering of the sulphur content of marine heavy fuel oil to 0.5 per cent would reduce SO2 emissions from international shipping around Europe by more than three quarters by 2010. The benefits of such a measure clearly outweigh the costs, according to this study.
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Factsheet

EU directive on national emission ceilings (NEC)

Directive 2001/81/EC on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants.
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Factsheet

The Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution

The 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution was the first multilateral treaty for dealing with air pollutants.  
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Factsheet

EU legislation on air pollution

Up to the early nineties, EU policy in regard to air pollution had tended to be fragmented. Such directives as existed were either those setting air-quality standards for a few selected air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, or others to control emissions from certain defined sources such as large power plants and road vehicles.
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Factsheet

EU legislation on air pollution

Up to the early nineties, EU policy in regard to air pollution had tended to be fragmented. Such directives as existed were either those setting air-quality standards for a few selected air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, or others to control emissions from certain defined sources such as large power plants and road vehicles.
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APC 13

Getting more for less

A study showing that the estimated annual costs for achieving the interim environmental quality targets of the proposed national emission ceilings (NECs) directive can be reduced by nearly two thirds. This result is obtained by using an low-CO2 energy scenario as the basis for the cost estimation.
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Factsheet

Critical loads

In order to determine the extent to which the emissions of air pollutants will have to be reduced, if the environment is to be protected from damage, it is essential to know the limits to nature's tolerance.
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