Briefings

Policy brief
Paths to a sustainable agricultural system
2016
by:
-

Pathways to a Nordic agricultural and food system with reduced emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants. A policy brief financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

Short paper on the UNFCCC Structured Expert Dialogue
2015

Short paper on the UNFCCC Structured Expert Dialogue on the 2013-2015 Review, with a particular focus on the 1.5°C target.

12 Factsheets on Air Pollution
Gasping for Air
2014-09-02

Twelve factsheets on agriculture, climate, cultural heritage, domestic heating, economy, ecosystems, health, industry, non-roadmachine, road vehicles, shipping and solvents.

Factsheet
Emission standards for light and heavy road vehicles
2012
by:
Kajsa Lindqvist

An overview of the EU regulations on emission requirements for road vehicles.

Briefing
Solar power from Sahara for fossil-free Europe
2011
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Solar electricity from the Sahara could supply Europe with 15 per cent of its electricity by 2050, at a price tag of 400 billion euros.

Briefing
LULUCF Guide
2011
by:
Kirsten Macey, Bill Hare and Claudine Chen/Climate Analytics

The Kyoto Protocol sets out in its treaty a number of Articles related to Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF). This guide explains some of the details and the ongoing negotiations in the UN from an NGO point of view.

Brochure
For Clean Air Everywhere: what can be done in our cities to decrease air pollution?
2011
by:
-

A short guide to the effects of major air pollutants on human health, recommended guidelines and current EU standards. Followed by twelve practical steps for cleaner air in our cities.

Briefing
Cutting SOX emissions from shipping
2011
by:
-

A briefing on the European Commission's proposal to revise the "sulphur in fuels directive" by aligning EU standards for shipping fuel with those adopted in 2008 by the International Maritime Organisation.

Brochure
Air pollution from ships
2011

Pamphlet published jointly with five European environmental NGOs.

Briefing
Supergrid paves the way for wind power expansion
2010
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

A supergrid connecting Scandinavia and large parts of western Europe may pave the way for an even faster expansion of off-shore windpower.

Briefing
Renewable energy can power the world by 2030
2010
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Renewable energy sources could produce all the energy the world needs in as little as 20 years from now and at a lower cost than the present energy mix, two American experts claim.

Factsheet
Island states demand 95 per cent emission cuts
2009
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Island states and least developed countries agree: Rich nations have caused the problem, and should cut emissions 95 per cent by 2050.

Factsheet
Welcome to the world at +4°C
2009
by:
Roger Olsson

A new map published by the British government presents the likely effects of global warming above the +2° goal - a future that seems impossible to cope with.

Factsheet
Boreal forest dieback may cause runaway warming
2009
by:
Roger Olsson

The boreal forests, one of the largest carbon stocks on earth, will not be able to respond to global warming by migrating northwards. Massive forest dieback, causing runaway warming, is a more likely scenario.

High noon for +2°C
Factsheet
High noon for +2°C
2009
by:
Dr. Katja Frieler Dr. Malte Meinshausen & Dr. h.c. Bill Hare

A new AirClim factsheet takes a close look at the +2°C target for global warming. What are the allowed emissions if it is to be met, and how should the burdens be shared?
October 2009.

Briefing
Sustainable Energy Scenarios in Sweden
2009
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Sweden can cut greenhouse gas emissions by well over 50 per cent by the year 2020, if results of recent studies for 2050 are “telescoped” into the shorter timeframe, and if the consequences of exported electricity and biomass are accounted for. This could take place without CCS and while much of the nuclear capacity is decommissioned.

Briefing
Economic Instruments in Swedish Climate Policy – a success story
2009
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

In 1991 Sweden introduced a substantial CO2 tax. Though it had many exemptions and was subject to many changes over the years, it did cut emissions. During that time, Sweden also phased out two nuclear reactors.

Briefing
The Swedish Kyoto target and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions 1990 to 2012
2009
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

The EU burden sharing agreement in 1997–98 allowed Sweden a plus four per cent GHG target for 1990–2010. This was motivated by Sweden’s supposed plans to phase out nuclear power by 2010, plans that were already abandoned.

Briefing
Most rich Kyoto countries off track
2009
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Many rich countries will not be able to meet their climate commitments through active policy initiatives. Only “hot air” will do the trick.

Factsheet
The CAFE programme and the thematic strategy on air pollution
2006
by:
-

Current levels of air pollution cause severe health impacts in the European Union, resulting in some 370,000 premature deaths each year, increased hospital admissions, extra medication, and millions of lost working days.

Factsheet
Particles and health
2006
by:
-

Recent research indicates that fine particles (PM2.5) in the air in the year 2000 caused an average shortening of statistical life expectancy of more than eight months in the EU, equivalent to 3.6 million life years lost annually. This means that these particles have the most serious effects on people’s health of all air pollutants.

Briefing
Cost-benefit analysis of using 0.5% marine heavy fuel oil in European sea areas
2005
by:
Christer Ågren

A lowering of the sulphur content of marine heavy fuel oil to 0.5 per cent would reduce SO2 emissions from international shipping around Europe by more than three quarters by 2010. The benefits of such a measure clearly outweigh the costs, according to this study.

Factsheet
Renewable energy in the EU
2005
by:
-

Around 20 per cent of our global energy supply comes from renewable sources. In the EU the proportion is six per cent.

Briefing
Air pollution from ships
2004
by:
-

A briefing document by the European Environmental Bureau (EEB), European Federation for Transport and Environment (T&E), Seas At Risk (SAR), and the Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid Rain.

Factsheet
EU emission standards for light and heavy road vehicles
2004
by:
-

Emission requirements for light road vehicles have existed in the EU since the early 1970s, while the first requirements for heavy vehicles came in at the end of the 1980s.

Factsheet
EU directive on national emission ceilings (NEC)
2004
by:
-

Directive 2001/81/EC on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants.

Factsheet
EU on climate change: Targets, strategies and legislation
2004
by:
-

The EU was among the most active in the negotiations leading to the Kyoto protocol to the climate convention, urging the industrialized countries to reduce their emissions of the main greenhouse gases – carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide – by 15 per cent between 1990 and 2010, with an interim target of 7.5 per cent for 2005.

Factsheet
The Kyoto Protocol
2003
by:
-

– What just is in it –

Factsheet
The Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution
2003
by:
-

The 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution was the first multilateral treaty for dealing with air pollutants.
 

Factsheet
EU legislation on air pollution
2002
by:
-

Up to the early nineties, EU policy in regard to air pollution had tended to be fragmented. Such directives as existed were either those setting air-quality standards for a few selected air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, or others to control emissions from certain defined sources such as large power plants and road vehicles.

Factsheet
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
2002
by:
-

The IPCC’s Third Assessment Report provides the best scientific information to date as to how the emissions of greenhouse gases are affecting our climate. Here is a brief description of the IPCC and its most recent findings.

Factsheet
Air pollution and health
2001
by:
-

Although the concentrations of air pollutants are in general on the way down in Europe, the problems remain considerable – especially as regards ground-level ozone and small particles. In some parts, too, the situation continues to become worse. In the following is a digest of the chief effects, causes, and permissible limits to the concentrations of the most pervasive pollutants.

Factsheet
Critical loads
1998
by:
-

In order to determine the extent to which the emissions of air pollutants will have to be reduced, if the environment is to be protected from damage, it is essential to know the limits to nature's tolerance.

Air pollution and biodiversity
1997
by:
-
Factsheet
Sulphur
1994
by:
-

The 100 worst emitters in Europe.

Factsheet
Global warming
1993
by:
-

Scientific knowledge.

Factsheet
The UN ECE convention
1993
by:
-

Air pollution treaty.

Factsheet
Critical loads
1993
by:
-

The limits of tollerance.

Factsheet
Forest damage in Europe
1992
by:
-

The 100 worst emitters in Europe.