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Climate crisis could displace 1.2bn people
1.2 billion people living in 31 countries that are not sufficiently resilient to withstand ecological threats face being displaced within 30 years, according to a new report. Nineteen countries face the highest number of threats, including water and food shortages and greater exposure to natural disasters. The study uses United Nations’ and other data to assess 157 countries’ exposure to eight ecological threats, then assesses their capacity to withstand them. It found that 141 countries faced at least one ecological threat by 2050, with sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa the regions facing the largest number. Some countries, such as India and China, are most threatened by water scarcity.
“Lack of resilience will lead to worsening food insecurity and competition over resources, increasing civil unrest and mass displacement,” the report says. It judges Pakistan to be the country with the largest number of people at risk of mass migration, followed by Ethiopia and Iran. The report also states that the world has 60% less fresh water available than it did 50 years ago, while demand for food was predicted to rise by 50% by 2050 and natural disasters were only likely to increase in frequency because of the climate crisis, meaning even some stable states would become vulnerable by 2050.