EU can reach climate neutrality without CCS – German environment agency

The Federal Environment Agency (UBA) outlined measures that demonstrate how EU greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) neutrality is possible without controversial carbon capture and storage (CCS) and with limited amounts of bioenergy, in a study published in November 2019. The study urges efficiency in all energy-consuming sectors (industry, buildings and transport) as well as “far-reaching electrification”.

“These measures can reduce the final energy demand (including international transport) by about 37 percent and the share of electricity can be increased to almost 50 percent,” according to the study. The paper recommends a “broad portfolio” of renewable energy options as well as substantial quantities of renewable fuels produced from renewable electricity via electrolysis or based on biomass. The study also requires lowering the levels of agricultural and forestry activities. In 2015, agriculture was responsible for 10 percent of EU GHG emissions, according to the study. “A reduction of 95 percent compared to 1990 is not possible without abandoning production and reducing livestock numbers.”

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