Hydrogen may only qualify as renewable if production does not increase the use of electricity generated from fossil fuels and if the return of renewable electricity to the grid equals what is used up. Photo: © Oleksiy Mark / Shutterstock.com
EU hydrogen plan may do more harm than good
The EU’s flagship hydrogen plan has been labelled ‘dangerous’ by Transport & Environment (T&E) and risks undoing positive, ambitious steps to promote a fuel that will be vital for decarbonising shipping and aviation.
T&E has warned that the target of 5.7% of all transport energy to be supplied by green hydrogen and e-fuels is not backed by data and could increase Europe’s demand for electricity by as much as a third.
EU climate chief, Frans Timmermans, said himself that hydrogen would only qualify as renewable if during its production it does not increase the use of electricity generated from fossil fuels and if it returned as much renewable electricity to the grid as it used up. Instead, the EU Commission has applied a ‘grandfathering clause’ which means additionality - the coupling of hydrogen production with new renewable energy generation - does not apply to energy production sites set up before 2027.
If this proposal is adopted, a hydrogen facility built within the next five years could use grid electricity - a mix of fossil, renewable and nuclear power - forever to develop ‘renewable’ hydrogen. Combined with increased demand for electricity to make the new hydrogen, this would make the energy grid dirtier and put pressure on household energy bills.
Source: T&E press-release, 24 May 2022, https://transenv.eu/3ahRyKp