London’s expanded ULEZ benefits more residents

London’s Ultra Low Emissions Zone (ULEZ) expanded in late August to cover all boroughs in Greater London. Now, drivers of vehicles that fail to meet minimum emissions standards are required to pay a daily fee. First implemented in 2015 in central London, the ULEZ has shown good results with a 50 per cent reduction in the main air pollutants and a third fewer children being admitted to hospital with air-pollution-related illnesses. The expansion is supported by a 160 million pounds scrappage scheme to help drivers with non-compliant vehicles and reduce the economic injustice of the ULEZ.

In this issue

Editorial: EU climate target still not adapted to climate reality

On 8 September, the UN once again issued a report showing how governments are failing to take adequate action to implement the promises they made in the Paris Agreement. The so-called Synthesis Report on the Technical Dialogue from the First Global Stocktake showed how governments are good at making ambitious collective commitments but fail to take the right action at home to turn these collective pledges into a reality.

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The importance and role of forests in Poland

A varity of forest types in Poland play an important role in the country's ecosystem and cultural heritage.

Poland is home to a variety of forest types, which cover an area of nearly 9.3 million hectares and account for 29.6% of the country’s total land area. These forests play an important role in the country’s ecosystem, economy and cultural heritage. The forests are dominated by coniferous species, which together cover 76.6% of the area. These include pine, larch, spruce and fir. Deciduous species appear on 23.4% of the area.

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