Brussels on a carfree Sunday. Photo: © CapturePB /

Top 12 measures to limit car traffic in cities

A study by Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies has screened nearly 800 peer-reviewed reports and case studies from all over Europe, since 2010, to identify measures used in cities to successfully reduce car use. The researchers decided to study car use as it has tremendous impact, being the second largest (and growing) source of climate pollution in Europe, a leading killer of children in the US and Europe, the principle cause of stress-inducing noise pollution and life-shortening air pollution, and a leading driver of urban environmental injustice. The most effective measures were:

  1. Congestion charges, in which drivers pay to enter the city centre
  2. Removing parking spaces and altering traffic routes
  3. Limiting traffic zones (excluding all but resident traffic from an area)
  4. Mobility services for commuters (such as free public transport passes)
  5. Workplace parking charges
  6. Workplace travel planning
  7. University travel planning
  8. Mobility services for universities
  9. Car sharing
  10. School travel planning (helping students and parents to walk, cycle or carpool to school)
  11. Personalised travel planning    
  12. Apps for sustainable mobility

The conversation, 14 April 2022,



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