EU and climate change

The European Union is a party to both the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),the Kyoto Protocol (KP) and the Paris Agreement. For the first commitment period of the KP (2008-2012) the EU15 took on a common target, to reduce emissions by 8 per cent compared to 1990. For the second commitment period of the KP (2013-2020) the EU27 have agreed to common emission reductions of 20 per cent compared to 1990 levels. For the Paris Agreement the EU agreed to reduce emissions by -55% until 2030.

Overall, industrial countries (Annex 1 UNFCCC) that participated in the Second Commitment Period of the Kyoto Protocol largely overachieved their collective target and achieved a reduction of their 2013-2020 greenhouse gas emissions by almost 30% as compared to their base year emissions. This corresponds to an overall emission reduction of by almost 33% in 2020 (compared to 1990 emissions) in these 37 countries. This compares to a reduction by close to 19% in all industrialized (Annex 1 UNFCCC) countries (with an emission reduction of 10% in A1 countries without a KP commitment).

>> Further reading

Climate Action Network Europe, network of more than 200 environmental organisations, gives updated reports on EU climate and energy policy. (external link)

Transport & Environment, environmental umbrella organisation that describes and comments on current EU transport policy. (external link)

European Environment Agency. Regular reports on emissions in relation to set aims. (external link) 

Eurostat Information (external link)

European Commission (external link)

European Green Deal (external link)

European Climate Law (external link)


>> Further reading in AirClim publications: