Publications

Factsheet

Welcome to the world at +4°C

A new map published by the British government presents the likely effects of global warming above the +2° goal - a future that seems impossible to cope with.
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Factsheet

Boreal forest dieback may cause runaway warming

The boreal forests, one of the largest carbon stocks on earth, will not be able to respond to global warming by migrating northwards. Massive forest dieback, causing runaway warming, is a more likely scenario.
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Briefing

Sustainable Energy Scenarios in Sweden

Sweden can cut greenhouse gas emissions by well over 50 per cent by the year 2020, if results of recent studies for 2050 are “telescoped” into the shorter timeframe, and if the consequences of exported electricity and biomass are accounted for. This could take place without CCS and while much of the nuclear capacity is decommissioned.
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Briefing

Economic Instruments in Swedish Climate Policy – a success story

In 1991 Sweden introduced a substantial CO2 tax. Though it had many exemptions and was subject to many changes over the years, it did cut emissions. During that time, Sweden also phased out two nuclear reactors.
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Briefing

The Swedish Kyoto target and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions 1990 to 2012

The EU burden sharing agreement in 1997–98 allowed Sweden a plus four per cent GHG target for 1990–2010. This was motivated by Sweden’s supposed plans to phase out nuclear power by 2010, plans that were already abandoned.
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Factsheet

The CAFE programme and the thematic strategy on air pollution

Current levels of air pollution cause severe health impacts in the European Union, resulting in some 370,000 premature deaths each year, increased hospital admissions, extra medication, and millions of lost working days.
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Factsheet

Particles and health

Recent research indicates that fine particles (PM2.5) in the air in the year 2000 caused an average shortening of statistical life expectancy of more than eight months in the EU, equivalent to 3.6 million life years lost annually. This means that these particles have the most serious effects on people’s health of all air pollutants.
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APC 18

Status and Impacts of the German Lignite Industry

This study includes a historical treatment of German lignite use and discusses many of the hidden costs involved. Special consideration is paid to eastern Germany.
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Briefing

Cost-benefit analysis of using 0.5% marine heavy fuel oil in European sea areas

A lowering of the sulphur content of marine heavy fuel oil to 0.5 per cent would reduce SO2 emissions from international shipping around Europe by more than three quarters by 2010. The benefits of such a measure clearly outweigh the costs, according to this study.
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Factsheet

Renewable energy in the EU

Around 20 per cent of our global energy supply comes from renewable sources. In the EU the proportion is six per cent.
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