Clearing the air
2017
by:
Louise Duprez

A critical guide to the new national emission ceilings directive.

Policy brief
Paths to a sustainable agricultural system
2016
by:
-

Pathways to a Nordic agricultural and food system with reduced emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants. A policy brief financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

Nordic agriculture air and climate
2015
by:
Kajsa Pira et al.

A baseline and system analysis report, financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

APC 35
A 1.5 target is needed to save the Baltic Sea
March 2016
by:
Lennart Nyman

Effects of global temperature increases on the biodiversity of the Baltic Sea

APC 34
Phasing out fossil gas in Europe
March 2016
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

The natural gas industry faces strategic choices. 

APC 33
Carbon Capture and Storage in Norway, 2nd edition
March 2016
by:
Tore Braend

The Norwegian interest in CCS depends largely on the oil and gas sector.

Short paper on the UNFCCC Structured Expert Dialogue
2015

Short paper on the UNFCCC Structured Expert Dialogue on the 2013-2015 Review, with a particular focus on the 1.5°C target.

APC 32
Carbon Capture and Storage in Norway – The moon landing that failed
2015
by:
Tore Braend

The Norwegian interest in CCS depends largely on the oil and gas sector.

12 Factsheets on Air Pollution
Gasping for Air
2014-09-02

Twelve factsheets on agriculture, climate, cultural heritage, domestic heating, economy, ecosystems, health, industry, non-roadmachine, road vehicles, shipping and solvents.

APC 31
The 10 best climate mitigation measures in Northern Europe
2014-06-13
by:
Fredrik Lundberg, Gunnar B.Olesen et. al.

Ranking of best climate policy measures in the region.

APC 30
The 10 best climate mitigation measures in the Nordic Baltic Region
2013-10-25
by:
Fredrik Lundberg, Gunnar B.Olesen et. al.

Ranking of best climate policy measures in the region.

APC 29
Adequacy and feasibility of the 1.5°C long-term global limit
2013-10-02
by:
Michiel Schaeffer, Bill Hare, Marcia Rocha & Joeri Rogelj

In 2010 in Cancun Climate Convention Parties agreed to review the global goal of max. 2°C warming.

APC 28
Lost hopes for CCS – added urgency for renewable energy
2013-06-04
by:
Jeffery H.Michel

Commercial carbon capture and storage technologies will not be widely available in the foreseeable future. 

APC 27
70% less by early 2020’s – CO2 reduction in the Nordic-Baltic Region
2013-06-03
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

A 70 per cent cut in CO2 emissions by 2020 since 1990, and 95 percent by 2030 in the Nordic-Baltic region is feasible, using known technology and not exceeding reasonable costs.

Factsheet
Emission standards for light and heavy road vehicles
2012
by:
Kajsa Lindqvist

An overview of the EU regulations on emission requirements for road vehicles.

Briefing
Solar power from Sahara for fossil-free Europe
2011
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Solar electricity from the Sahara could supply Europe with 15 per cent of its electricity by 2050, at a price tag of 400 billion euros.

Briefing
LULUCF Guide
2011
by:
Kirsten Macey, Bill Hare and Claudine Chen/Climate Analytics

The Kyoto Protocol sets out in its treaty a number of Articles related to Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF). This guide explains some of the details and the ongoing negotiations in the UN from an NGO point of view.

Brochure
For Clean Air Everywhere: what can be done in our cities to decrease air pollution?
2011
by:
-

A short guide to the effects of major air pollutants on human health, recommended guidelines and current EU standards. Followed by twelve practical steps for cleaner air in our cities.

Briefing
Cutting SOX emissions from shipping
2011
by:
-

A briefing on the European Commission's proposal to revise the "sulphur in fuels directive" by aligning EU standards for shipping fuel with those adopted in 2008 by the International Maritime Organisation.

Brochure
Air pollution from ships
2011

Pamphlet published jointly with five European environmental NGOs.

APC 26
To manage or to protect?
2011
by:
Roger Olsson

The fate of the vast boreal forest belt of the northern hemisphere is crucial for global climate. This report looks into our possibilities to protect and manage these forests for climate mitigation.

 

APC 25
Boreal Forest and Climate Change - regional perspectives.
2010
by:
Roger Olsson

The boreal forest is the largest continuous land ecosystem in the world, covering about 14 per cent of the earth´s vegetated surface.

APC 24
Market-based instrument for NOx abatement in the Balitc Sea
2009
by:
Per Kågesson

Annual ship emissions of nitrogen oxides in the Baltic Sea could be cut by around 270,000 tons in 2015 by the application of an emissions charge, according to a new report. Published jointly by AirClim, T&E and EEB.

 

APC 23
Boreal Forest and Climate Change
2009
by:
Roger Olsson

A key finding of this study, based on a review of recent scientific literature, is that the boreal forests will not be able to respond to global warming by migrating northwards. Massive forest dieback is a more likely scenario. Published in cooperation with Taiga Rescue Network.

APC 22
Carbon Capture and Storage in Norway
2008
by:
Tore Braend

Strong economic and political motives, combined with a partly positive and partly silent NGO community, has contributed strongly to the present powerful commitment towards the use of CCS in Norway.

APC 21
Last Gasp of the Coal Industry
2008
by:
Gabriela von Goerne and Fredrik Lundberg

This report takes a look behind the bright vision of carbon capture and storage (CCS) given by proponents of this technology. It is not intended to damn CCS but is an appeal for wise decision-making.

APC 20
The Costs and Health Benefits of Reducing Emissions from Power Stations in Europe
2008
by:
Mark Barrett, UCL, and Mike Holland, EMRC

Concludes that the average benefit-to-cost ratio for measures at the 100 most polluting plants in Europe is 3.4, i.e. the estimated health benefits are 3.4 times bigger than the estimated emission control costs.

APC 19
Health Impacts of Emissions from Large Point Sources
2006 (Second Edition)
by:
Mike Holland, EMRC

This study combines the health impact assessment methodology used by EU's CAFE programme with an emissions database for large point sources, to assess health damage linked to emissions on a plant by plant basis.

Briefing
Supergrid paves the way for wind power expansion
2010
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

A supergrid connecting Scandinavia and large parts of western Europe may pave the way for an even faster expansion of off-shore windpower.

Briefing
Renewable energy can power the world by 2030
2010
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Renewable energy sources could produce all the energy the world needs in as little as 20 years from now and at a lower cost than the present energy mix, two American experts claim.

Factsheet
Island states demand 95 per cent emission cuts
2009
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Island states and least developed countries agree: Rich nations have caused the problem, and should cut emissions 95 per cent by 2050.

Factsheet
Welcome to the world at +4°C
2009
by:
Roger Olsson

A new map published by the British government presents the likely effects of global warming above the +2° goal - a future that seems impossible to cope with.

Factsheet
Boreal forest dieback may cause runaway warming
2009
by:
Roger Olsson

The boreal forests, one of the largest carbon stocks on earth, will not be able to respond to global warming by migrating northwards. Massive forest dieback, causing runaway warming, is a more likely scenario.

High noon for +2°C
Factsheet
High noon for +2°C
2009
by:
Dr. Katja Frieler Dr. Malte Meinshausen & Dr. h.c. Bill Hare

A new AirClim factsheet takes a close look at the +2°C target for global warming. What are the allowed emissions if it is to be met, and how should the burdens be shared?
October 2009.

Briefing
Sustainable Energy Scenarios in Sweden
2009
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Sweden can cut greenhouse gas emissions by well over 50 per cent by the year 2020, if results of recent studies for 2050 are “telescoped” into the shorter timeframe, and if the consequences of exported electricity and biomass are accounted for. This could take place without CCS and while much of the nuclear capacity is decommissioned.

Briefing
Economic Instruments in Swedish Climate Policy – a success story
2009
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

In 1991 Sweden introduced a substantial CO2 tax. Though it had many exemptions and was subject to many changes over the years, it did cut emissions. During that time, Sweden also phased out two nuclear reactors.

Briefing
The Swedish Kyoto target and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions 1990 to 2012
2009
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

The EU burden sharing agreement in 1997–98 allowed Sweden a plus four per cent GHG target for 1990–2010. This was motivated by Sweden’s supposed plans to phase out nuclear power by 2010, plans that were already abandoned.

Briefing
Most rich Kyoto countries off track
2009
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Many rich countries will not be able to meet their climate commitments through active policy initiatives. Only “hot air” will do the trick.

Factsheet
The CAFE programme and the thematic strategy on air pollution
2006
by:
-

Current levels of air pollution cause severe health impacts in the European Union, resulting in some 370,000 premature deaths each year, increased hospital admissions, extra medication, and millions of lost working days.

Factsheet
Particles and health
2006
by:
-

Recent research indicates that fine particles (PM2.5) in the air in the year 2000 caused an average shortening of statistical life expectancy of more than eight months in the EU, equivalent to 3.6 million life years lost annually. This means that these particles have the most serious effects on people’s health of all air pollutants.

APC 18
Status and Impacts of the German Lignite Industry
2005 (updated 2008)
by:
Jeffrey H. Michel

This study includes a historical treatment of German lignite use and discusses many of the hidden costs involved. Special consideration is paid to eastern Germany.

Briefing
Cost-benefit analysis of using 0.5% marine heavy fuel oil in European sea areas
2005
by:
Christer Ågren

A lowering of the sulphur content of marine heavy fuel oil to 0.5 per cent would reduce SO2 emissions from international shipping around Europe by more than three quarters by 2010. The benefits of such a measure clearly outweigh the costs, according to this study.

Factsheet
Renewable energy in the EU
2005
by:
-

Around 20 per cent of our global energy supply comes from renewable sources. In the EU the proportion is six per cent.

APC 17
Atmospheric emissions from large point sources in Europe
2004
by:
Mark Barrett, SENCO

The report identifies and lists the 200 largest emitters of sulphur dioxide and the 200 “best” fossil-fuelled power stations, in terms of SO2 and NOx emissions per useful output.

Briefing
Air pollution from ships
2004
by:
-

A briefing document by the European Environmental Bureau (EEB), European Federation for Transport and Environment (T&E), Seas At Risk (SAR), and the Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid Rain.

Factsheet
EU emission standards for light and heavy road vehicles
2004
by:
-

Emission requirements for light road vehicles have existed in the EU since the early 1970s, while the first requirements for heavy vehicles came in at the end of the 1980s.

Factsheet
EU directive on national emission ceilings (NEC)
2004
by:
-

Directive 2001/81/EC on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants.

Factsheet
EU on climate change: Targets, strategies and legislation
2004
by:
-

The EU was among the most active in the negotiations leading to the Kyoto protocol to the climate convention, urging the industrialized countries to reduce their emissions of the main greenhouse gases – carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide – by 15 per cent between 1990 and 2010, with an interim target of 7.5 per cent for 2005.

APC 16
To phase out coal
2003
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

The structure of the coal industry, its environmental effects, and the possibilities of phasing out the use of coal.

Factsheet
The Kyoto Protocol
2003
by:
-

– What just is in it –

Factsheet
The Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution
2003
by:
-

The 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution was the first multilateral treaty for dealing with air pollutants.
 

Factsheet
EU legislation on air pollution
2002
by:
-

Up to the early nineties, EU policy in regard to air pollution had tended to be fragmented. Such directives as existed were either those setting air-quality standards for a few selected air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, or others to control emissions from certain defined sources such as large power plants and road vehicles.

Factsheet
EU legislation on air pollution
2002
by:
-

Up to the early nineties, EU policy in regard to air pollution had tended to be fragmented. Such directives as existed were either those setting air-quality standards for a few selected air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, or others to control emissions from certain defined sources such as large power plants and road vehicles.

Factsheet
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
2002
by:
-

The IPCC’s Third Assessment Report provides the best scientific information to date as to how the emissions of greenhouse gases are affecting our climate. Here is a brief description of the IPCC and its most recent findings.

Factsheet
Air pollution and health
2001
by:
-

Although the concentrations of air pollutants are in general on the way down in Europe, the problems remain considerable – especially as regards ground-level ozone and small particles. In some parts, too, the situation continues to become worse. In the following is a digest of the chief effects, causes, and permissible limits to the concentrations of the most pervasive pollutants.

APC 15
The worst and the best - Atmospheric emissions from large point sources in Europe
2000
by:
Mark Barrett, SENCO

The report identifies and lists the 100 largest emitters of sulphur dioxide in Europe, as well as the 200 "best" fossil-fuelled power stations.

APC 14
An Alternative Energy Scenario for the European Union
2000
by:
Mark Barrett, SENCO

Background report to the study above, describing the underlying alternative low-CO2 energy scenario.

APC 13
Getting more for less
2000
by:
Christer Ågren

A study showing that the estimated annual costs for achieving the interim environmental quality targets of the proposed national emission ceilings (NECs) directive can be reduced by nearly two thirds. This result is obtained by using an low-CO2 energy scenario as the basis for the cost estimation.

APC12
Ground-level ozone
2000
by:
Håkan Pleijel

A problem largely ignored in southern Europe.

APC 11
Economic instruments for reducing emissions from sea transport
1999
by:
Per Kågeson

In comparison with additional measures taken on land, reducing emissions at sea would be very cost effective. This report presents the problems, as well as the technical and political opportunities to solve them.

APC 10
Acidification in 2010 – An assessment of the situation after ten years
1999
by:
Håkan Pleijel et al.

Study examining the outlook in the light of various assumptions concerning the trend in emissions. Concludes that acidification is likely to remain a threat even if all the proposed measures for reducing them are actually carried out.

Factsheet
Critical loads
1998
by:
-

In order to determine the extent to which the emissions of air pollutants will have to be reduced, if the environment is to be protected from damage, it is essential to know the limits to nature's tolerance.

APC9
Envronmental space – as appllied to acidifying air pollutants
1998
by:
Birigit Nielsen

The concept of environmental space makes it possible to show what reducing emissions will mean in terms of the individual.

Air pollution and biodiversity
1997
by:
-
APC8
Better together
1996
by:
Fredrik Lundberg

Discussion paper on common Nordic-Baltic energy infrastructure and policy issues from an environmentalist's point of view.

APC7
Attacking air pollution – Critical loads, airborne nitrogen, ozone precursors
1996
by:
Edited by Per Elvingsson & Christer Ågren

Principal papers read at the Fourth European NGO Strategy Seminar on Air Pollution in Göteborg, Sweden, April 28-30, 1995

APC6
Doing more than required – Plants are showing the way
1996
by:
Anna-Karin Hjalmarsson

Some utilities are already achieving lower emission levels than envisaged even for future standards

APC5
Large combustion plants – Revision of the 1988 EC directive
1995
by:
Fredrik Lundberg & Christer Ågren

WIth much air pollution coming from these sources, revision of this directive assumes exceptional importance.

APC4
To clear the air over Europe
1995
by:
Magnus Nilsson

A critical examination of the present guidelines and standards for air quality, with proposals for theor revision.

APC 3
The 100 worst sulphur emitters
1995 (2nd edition)
by:
M. Barrett and R. Protheroe.

A study mapping the 100 largest point sources of emissions of sulphur in Europe.

 

 

APC3
Sulphur emissions from large point sources in Europe
1994
by:
Mark Barrett & Rodri Protheroe

Second Edition

Factsheet
Sulphur
1994
by:
-

The 100 worst emitters in Europe.

APC2
The "Black" Triangle
1993

The probelms of air pollution and some proposals for abatement strategies in the so-called Black Trinagle region of East-Central Europe.

APC1
The Eastern Atmosphere
1993
by:
Jürgen Salay, The Eastern Environment
Factsheet
Global warming
1993
by:
-

Scientific knowledge.

Factsheet
The UN ECE convention
1993
by:
-

Air pollution treaty.

Factsheet
Critical loads
1993
by:
-

The limits of tollerance.

Factsheet
Forest damage in Europe
1992
by:
-

The 100 worst emitters in Europe.